Predecessors of the Hungarian Institute for Forensic Sciences
The Hungarian Institute for Forensic Sciences came into existence in 2017 based upon the merger of the two previous hungarian expert institute, the former Hungarian Institute for Forensic Sciences (Bűnügyi Szakértői és Kutatóintézet) and the Network of Forensic Sciences Institutes (Igazságügyi Szakértői és Kutató Intézetek).
The organisational concept behind the merger was to unite the advantages of the different leading systems of the former institutes (regional management and central staff in NFSI and the managment system based on field of expertise in HIFS).
The foundation dates of the predecessors:
- Hungarian Institute for Forensic Sciences (Bűnügyi Szakértői és Kutatóintézet) – 1961
- Bureau of the Network of Forensic Sciences Institutes (Igazságügyi Szakértői és Kutató Intézetek Hivatala) – 1992
- Budapest Institute of Forensic Engineering, Tax and Auditing (Budapesti Műszaki- Könyv és Adószakértői Intézet) – 1965
- Budapest Institute of Medical Sciences (Budapesti Orvosszakértői Intézet) – 1964
- Regional Institute Debrecen (Debreceni Intézet) – 1986
- Regional Institute Győr (Győri Intézet) – 1977
- Regional Institute Kaposvár (Kaposvári Intézet) – 1976
- Regional Institute Kecskemét (Kecskeméti Intézet) – 1977
- Regional Institute Miskolc (Miskolci Intézet) – 1972
- National Toxycology Institute (Országos Toxikológiai Intézet) – 1872
- Regional Institute Szeged (Szegedi Intézet) – 1981
- Regional Institute Szolnok (Szolnoki Intézet) – 1980
- Regional Institute Szombathely (Szombathelyi Intézet) – 2001
- Regional Institute Veszprém (Veszprémi Intézet) – 1977
HIFS’s supervisor organisation is the Ministry of Interior, in association with the Ministry of Justice and the National Police Headquarters.
Beyond the functional staff and the central departments seated in Budapest, HIFS currently includes 11 regional institutes, whose experts are under control of the competent central department. With this new organisation chart HIFS is capable of covering the entire country in its expert competence.
HIFS proceeds expert opinions in 10 central departments and 11 regional institutes, and operates within the confines of this organisation a network of regional drug laboratories (Budapest, Debrecen, Győr, Pécs, Szeged and Veszprém) and blood alcohol laboratories (Budapest, Győr and Szolnok).
Main tasks and aims
HIFS’s duty as a national task is to provide expert opinions after the appointment of the expert in those cases, where the probative proceedings are obligatory or possible by the law in authority proceeding. HIFS is also capable of providing expert opinions on orders of citizens and other officials.
The experts in HIFS function in 67 different field of expertise - according to the decree of the minister of justice No. 9/2006. (II. 27.) on the competencies of the forensic experts, and the related qualificational and other professional conditions.
HIFS currently employs a total of 707 employees. Most of the personnel – including the 237 forensic experts and 44 forensic expert candidates - are employed by the Act LXVIII of 1997 on the Service Status of the Judicial Staff as judicial servants, the rest of the staff are employed on the basis of the Act XXXIII of 1992 on the Legal Status of Public Servants and the Act XLII of 2015 on the Service Status of Professional Members of Law Enforcement Agencies.